Revised edition out: “The Distinctiveness of Baptist Covenant Theology” by Pascal Denault + What’s New

The Distinctiveness of Baptist Covenant Theology

A Comparison Between Seventeenth-Century Particular Baptist and Paedobaptist Federalism

by Pascal Denault

[ Paperback $18 | Kindle: $3.99 ]

What’s new in the revised edition?:

Pascal Denault

Pascal Denault:

Since my book first came out in January of 2013, I wanted to revise it. At first it was minor corrections and typos, but along the way came some important precision that I wanted to include in my work. I have written this blog post to explain what’s new in the revised edition of the Distinctiveness…


The minor changes (in addition to correcting typos) concern a small update of the bibliography with new works on covenant theology that became available since the first publication of the Distinctiveness. Also, thanks to the helpful remarks of Pastor Samuel Renihan, I have corrected some overstatement I had made concerning the views held by Particular Baptists as if there was only one common view regarding the Covenant of Grace and its relation with the Old and New Covenants. I did not revise the book to the point of presenting these other views held by some Particular Baptists, but I have nuanced some affirmations at least to acknowledge them. Regarding that matter, the readers will most certainly profit from the doctoral dissertation of pastor Renihan that will hopefully be published in a near future.


I greatly benefited from fruitful exchanges with Presbyterian pastors and brothers that helpfully critique the arguments I have presented. This brought me to a more refined understanding of the visible/invisible distinction of the church which led me to rewrite some areas of the book. Without endorsing the full paradigm of the normal paedobaptist mixed visible church, I came to a more robust ecclesiology and I think a more biblical and Baptist understanding of this important distinction. Also, I have modified some comments regarding paedobaptism that were perceived as being a little too harsh or unnecessarily provocative. I still wanted to offer a critique of the Presbyterian view, but in the irenic spirit of our forefathers. The readers will find, near the end of this revised edition, a new comparative chart that summarizes the differences between the Presbyterian view and the Particular Baptist view on the covenants.


Finally, I was sharpened by a lot of discussions among the Reformed Baptist community that forced me to articulate a more precise and consistent covenant theology on some specific points. In the process I have rejected the idea that the Mosaic Covenant offered eternal life as an absolute republication of the Covenant of Works. I came to the understanding that the Mosaic Covenant was strictly limited to life in Canaan and was only typologically tied to the heavenly realities brought by the New Covenant. I had previously endorsed Samuel Petto’s view that understands the Mosaic Covenant both as an earthly covenant of works for Israel in Canaan and an absolute covenant of works for Christ to obtain eternal life. I still believe the former (Israel), but I now believe that the latter (Christ) is only typologically true. In other words, Christ didn’t accomplish the Old Covenant but the New Covenant which was set forth as a covenant of works between him and the Father (the Covenant of Redemption), the terms of which were prefigured but not properly stipulated in the Old Covenant.

The main issue, in my opinion, was that I used to blend the type with the antitype or the shadow with the reality in the same covenant by attributing eternal life as a promise proper to the Mosaic Covenant. I believe that this mixed approach to covenant theology is the essence of paedobaptism with its internal/external distinction that blends earthly kingdom with heavenly kingdom, Old Covenant with New Covenant, etc. 1689 Federalism, on the other hand, relies on the fundamental distinctions between Old and New, type and antitype, shadow and reality and, therefore, distinguishes between the Mosaic typological republication and Christ’s established New Covenant: typologically related, but essentially distinct.

This revised edition of The Distinctiveness of Baptist Covenant Theology now reflects this view and I believe that this was Coxe and Owen’s view. Many brothers were involved in important discussions that led me to this clarification. I especially want to thank brother Brandon Adams who was very instrumental in that regard and I want to commend him for all his laboring for the cause of the Gospel by his defense of 1689 Federalism. The readers will find lots of helpful resources by visiting his website:

More on this book…

New “Journal of the Institute of Reformed Baptist Studies, 2016, Vol. 3” [RBAP]

Journal of the Institute of Reformed Baptist Studies 2016 (Vol. 3)

[RBAP: $12 (arrives Dec. 15) | Amz $18/£14.47]


The Journal of the Institute of Reformed Baptist Studies (JIRBS) is published to explain and support the theology of Holy Scripture as it is summarized in the Second London Baptist Confession of Faith. The journal will be published annually.


Paperback: 246 pages
Published: 2016


THE CHRISTIAN MINISTRY IN THE CHURCH: Its Reasons, Duration and Goal, and Practical Effects (Ephesians 4:11-16), with Special Emphasis on verse 12 by Richard C. Barcellos

BRING THEM TO THE WORD, NOT THE WATER: Pastoral Instructions for Fathers in the First and Second Century Church by Ryan Davidson



THE CONSEQUENCES OF POSITIVE LAW: The Particular Baptists’ Use of Inferential Reasoning in Theology by Samuel Renihan

UNITY AND DISTINCTION—One God in Three Persons: Unity of Essence, Distinction of Persons, Implications for Life, A Review Article by Stefan T. Lindblad

THE REGULATIVE PRINCIPLE OF WORSHIP: Contemporary Objections by Samuel E. Waldron

Book Reviews:

Faith, Freedom and the Spirit: The Economic Trinity in Barth, Torrance and Contemporary Theology, Paul D. Molnar reviewed by James E. Dolezal

Covenants Made Simple: Understanding God’s Unfolding Promises to His People, Jonty Rhodes reviewed by Pascal Denault

Guaranteed Pure: The Moody Bible Institute, Business, and the Making of Modern Evangelicalism, Timothy E. W. Gloege reviewed by James M. Renihan

Justification Reconsidered: Rethinking a Pauline Theme, Stephen Westerholm reviewed by Tom Hicks

The Gospel Ministry, Thomas Foxcraft reviewed by Robert E. Cosby, III

The Quest for the Historical Adam: Genesis, Hermeneutics, and Human Origins, William VanDoodewaard reviewed by Terry Clarke

Their Rock is Not Like Our Rock: A Theology of Religions, Daniel Strange reviewed by John A. Divito

AERBQ 2016 General Assembly AUDIO: “Perseverance in a Post-Modern World” feat. Bob Selp

Last week the 10th General Assembly of the Association of Reformed Baptist Churches of Quebec was held in Acton-Vale, Québec, Canada.


Pastor Bob Selph

For the occasion, Pastor Bob Selph brought three messages of exhortation on the zeal, perseverance and evangelization in this culture.


Follow our general meetings via: VideoiTunesFeedDownload all mp3s

1. Persevering with passion in a post-modern world [mp3]

2. If I’ve lost it [zeal]… How do I get it back?? [mp3]

3. Christ’s love for sinners [mp3]

Interview #94 – The Reformed Baptist Movement in Canada: Past & Present – Pascal Denault, Raymond Perron & Chris Powell [Audio Podcast]



Raymond & Diane Perron
Raymond & Diane Perron [bio]
Chris Powell & family
Chris Powell & Family [bio]

Pascal Denault
Pascal Denault

“It may be surprising for your American listeners to hear, but Canada truly needs mission work being done here… If your looking for a mission field you have one, right next door, above you, in Canada.”

On episode 94 of our interview podcast we have Pastors Raymond Perron, Chris Powell, and Pascal Denault on to tell us all about the Reformed Baptist movement in Canada.


  • Getting to know Pastors Raymond & Powell (we previously got to know Denault on episode #2)
  • History of the Reformed Baptist movement in Canada (French/English)
  • Present state of the movement (larger movement, associations, training, etc.)
  • + more


Subscribe to the podcast in a RSS readeriTunesStitcherTuneIn or by Email.



Sept. 24-25, 2015 “The Distinctives of Baptist Covenant Theology” Southern Baptist Founders Conf. SW. in Mansfield, TX. feat. Denault, J. Johnson + more


The conference brochure may be download here:

Download (PDF, 367KB)

Featured Speakers:

Pascal Denault
Pascal Denault is the author of The Distinctiveness of Baptist Covenant Theology. He is the pastor at St. Jerome Evangelical Church in St. Jerome, Quebec, Canada.

Jeff Johnson

Jeffrey D. Johnson is the author of The Kingdom of God: A Baptist Expression of Covenant & Biblical TheologyThe Fatal Flaw of the Theology Behind Infant BaptismThe Church: Why Bother?, and Behind the Bible: A Primer in Textual Criticism. He is the pastor of preaching at Grace Bible Church in Conway, Arkansas where he resides with his  wife and two sons.


Thursday, Sept. 24th4

10:30 am Registration Opens

12:00 noon No Lunch

1:30 pm Devotional Psalm 32 | Jarrett Downs

3:00 pm What does it mean to be Baptist and Reformed | Fred Malone

4:30 pm Relationship of Covenant of Grace to the Old Covenant | Pascal Denault

5:45 pm Dinner

7:00 pm Hebrews 8 and the New Covenant | Jeff Johnson

Friday, Sept. 25th

7:30 am Prayer Meeting

8:00 am Breakfast

9:00 am Relationship of Covenant of Grace to the New Covenant | Pascal Denault

10:30 am Registration Opens Contemporary Challenges | Jeff Johnson

12:00 noon Lunch

3:00 pm Panel Discussion on Covenant Theology & Q&A | Jason Montgomery

4:30 pm Implications of CovenantTheology | Jeff Johnson

5:45 pm Dinner

7:00 pm Galatians 4:21-31 | Pascal Denault


1. SOLID GROUND CHRISTIAN BOOKS will again be represented at our conference this year. Michael Gaydosh will be bringing many wonderful Reformed books for your perusal. Be sure to come prepared to take home some of these great books that will be for sale!

2. REGISTRATION: A. Modes: To register for our upcoming conference, please mail the filled out registration form to: Heritage Baptist Church, 201 East Broad St., Mansfield, TX 76063 or register online. The option to pay by Paypal is also available.

B.Deadlines: Save $5.00 off general or student registration if you register on or before September 5. If you are requesting to stay in a home, please submit your registration by September 5- first come, first served basis.

C. Contact: If you have any questions about digital notebooks, registration, lodging orany other matter, please contact: Cindy Cason at; 817-453-5580.

D. Fees: Early Registration-1 person: $75.00 on or before 9/05 Registration after 9/05-1 person: $80.00

Student Registration (early)- $30.00 Student Registration after 9/05-$35.00

Early Registration Family Cap: $105.00 Registration after 9/05 Family Cap:$110.00

Each Additional Attender: $10.00 Children under age 5-free

The added attendees will not receive notebooks and the children will not receive nametags. Additional notebooks may be purchased at registration desk at the cost of printing.

3. OFFERING : If you are able to give a little extra, there will be an offering Friday evening during the service to help offset expenses and keep registration prices low.

Interview #91 – Dr. Guy Waters, Pascal Denault, & Brandon Adams – 1689 Federalism & the Mosaic Covenant [Audio Podcast] (2 of 2)

1689 Federalism


Dr. Guy Waters
Dr. Guy Waters

On episode 91 of our interview podcast we let Pascal Denault and Brandon Adams take over the interview mic. They finish up their interview (see part 1) with Dr. Guy Waters asking him about Pascal’s book The Distinctiveness of Baptist Covenant Theology. Then Pascal Denault and Brandon Adams get more into “1689 Federalism”.


  • “1689 Federalism”
  • Rom. 10:4-8
  • Lev. 18:5
  • Deut. 30:1-14
  • + more


Subscribe to the podcast in a RSS readeriTunesStitcherTuneIn or by Email.


Interview #90 – Pauline Theology – Dr. Guy Waters [Audio Podcast] (1 of 2)



Dr. Guy Waters
Dr. Guy Waters

On episode 90 of our interview podcast we let Pascal Denault and Brandon Adams take over the interview mic. They interview Dr. Guy Waters on Pauline Theology.


  • Dr. Waters’ testimony
  • Justification by Faith Alone
  • Federal Vision
  • New Perspective(s) on Paul
  • How do you understand the Mosaic Covenant to be related to the Covenant of Works and the Covenant of Grace?
  • The Law/Gospel Distinction in Romans 10
  • Pauline Theology with Dr. Guy Waters – Free lectures
  • What are your thoughts on “1689 Federalism”? (next week)
  • + more


Subscribe to the podcast in a RSS readeriTunesStitcherTuneIn or by Email.


Association of Reformed Baptist Churches of Quebec 2015 General Assembly “Challenges of the Next Generation” [English/French Audio & Video] feat. Sam Renihan [L’AERBQ]

quebec association

Pastor Sam Renihan
Pastor Sam Renihan

Audio and video from the 2015 The General Assembly of the Association of Reformed Baptist Churches of Quebec [’Association d’Églises réformées baptistes du Québec à Lac-Mégantic | L’AERBQ] is now online.

Sam Renihan was invited to preach on “The challenges of the next generation.”


1. Preaching the Gospel in the 21st Century [Prêcher l’Évangile au 21e siècle]:

2. Preaching the Law in the 21st Century [Prêcher la Loi au 21e siècle]:

3. Applying God’s wisdom in the 21st Century [Appliquer la sagesse de Dieu au 21e siècle]:


[source: Un Héraut dans le net]

Baptists Couldn’t Possibly Know What They’re Talking About [Brandon Adams + Lee Gatiss + Pascal Denault]

John The Baptist OwenBrandon Adams writes:

In the previous round we answered the objections of someone who later admitted they had not even read Owen’s argument. Here we answer the objections of someone who later admitted they had not even read our argument.

Over at Reformation 21, Lee Gatiss listened to 10 minutes of a podcast, misunderstood a joke, and judged a book by its cover. He felt it was urgent to inform baptists that John Owen was actually a paedobaptist. Of course, if he’d bothered to read the book, he’d have know that’s not the point.

The point is that Owen rejected his earlier covenantal views and the “judgment of most reformed divines”. Gatiss does not address this (as is typical). In fact, Gatiss doesn’t mention anything from Owen’s commentary on Hebrews 8:6-13. Instead, he provides quotes of Owen affirming infant baptism, which, again, isn’t the point.

He quotes Owen’s commentary on Hebrews 4:9-10, 15 (which I also quote in my analysis of Owen’s infant baptism) as well as 6:1-2; 7:1-3, 12; 11:24-26. Gatiss concludes “Sorry folks, but these are exactly the same applications that Owen makes from his covenant theology in the earlier tract on infant baptism,” which, again, is not the point. We are well aware that Owen makes the same application (infant baptism). Our point is that his covenant theology undergirding that application changed.

Read “Baptists Couldn’t Possibly Know What They’re Talking About: Debating Owen, Round 473 – Lee Gatiss”.

Gatiss cites our podcast as evidence of course, no one ever insists that John Owen was a Baptist.

There was also a brief twitter conversation between Gatiss, and Denault on Twitter (see below):

Update Jan 30, 2015: Brandon replies back to Lee’s response.

Out Now: ‘Recovering a Covenantal Heritage: Essays in Baptist Covenant Theology’ [RBAP]

Recovering Covenantal Heritage

$27.29 | £22.98 ]

Per Richard Barcellos, RBAP should be getting their copies around the 10th and will be selling them for around $10 less.

Here is the Table of Contents: 

Preface – Richard C. Barcellos, Ph.D.

Introduction – James M. Renihan, Ph.D.



 1. A Brief Overview of Seventeenth-Century Reformed Orthodox Federalism – Richard C. Barcellos, Ph.D.

2. Covenant Theology in the First and Second London Confessions of Faith – James M. Renihan, Ph.D.

3. By Farther Steps: A Seventeenth-Century Particular Baptist Covenant Theology – Pascal Denault, Th.M.

4. The Puritan Argument for the Immersion of Believers: How Seventeenth-Century Baptists Utilized the Regulative Principle of Worship – G. Stephen Weaver, Jr., Ph. D.

5. The Antipaedobaptism of John Tombes – Michael T. Renihan, Ph.D.

6. The Abrahamic Covenant in the Thought of John Tombes – Michael T. Renihan, Ph.D.

7. John Owen on the Mosaic Covenant – Thomas E. Hicks, Jr., Ph.D.

8. A ‘Novel’ Approach to Credobaptist and Paedobaptist Polemics – Jeffrey A. Massey



 9. The Fatal Flaw of Infant Baptism: The Dichotomous Nature of the Abrahamic Covenant – Jeffrey D. Johnson

10. The Difference Between the Old and New Covenants: John Owen on Hebrews 8:6 –  John Owen

11. The Newness of the New Covenant (Part 1) – James R. White, Th.D.

12. The Newness of the New Covenant (Part 2) – James R. White, Th.D.

13. Acts 2:39 in its Context: An Exegetical Summary of Acts 2:39 and Paedobaptism (Part 1) – Jamin Hübner

14. Acts 2:39 in its Context: Case Studies in Paedobaptist Interpretations of Acts 2:39 (Part 2) – Jamin Hübner

15. An Exegetical Appraisal of Colossians 2:11-12 – Richard C. Barcellos, Ph.D.



 16. Reformed Baptist Covenant Theology and Biblical Theology – Micah and Samuel Renihan


Scripture Index

Name and Subject Index

Samples: Preface |  Intro | Chapter 1 | Chapter 10

Paperback: 532 pages

2014 ‘1689 Conference’ AUDIO & VIDEO now online

1689 Conference Spurgeon

1689 Conf1689 Conference Planner:

This year we gathered to commemorate the 325th anniversary of the historic 1689 Baptist Confession.


Our hearts were lifted and our commitment to Scripture renewed as we reflected upon the kind providence of our covenant God toward His people.


The LORD was pleased to bless the conference with a precious unity of hearts and a single focus on orthodox confessional truths, that we pray will fortify and equip our gospel churches to proclaim the Lordship of Christ to all the nations.


In addition, the LORD through the working of His Spirit begun a confessing, reformed Baptist pastoral fellowship that will begin to meet bi-monthly in the central Indianapolis area.  If you would like to be notified of the date and location of the meetings do so by sending your request to:


We pray that the Lord will bless and keep you all, hope to see you again next year – LORD willing!

Baptist Confessionalism Providence 1689 Conference WIlliam Kiffin

AUDIO | VIDEO [Playlist]:

DAY 1:

Jim Savastio – 1689 Baptist Confession, 325 yrs. of faithfulness to the gospel [mp3]:

Video Part 1:

Please note that there are two videos in this list that were cut off short, however the MP3 audio of all the sessions are complete in length.

Video 2:


DAY 2:

Dr. Sam Waldron – 1689 Baptist Confession, outline, theology and distinctives [mp3]:



Bob Bolles – 1689 Baptist Confession and the Gospel [mp3]:



Doug Barger – Baptists, creeds/confessions and Silver Creek Baptist Church (Indiana’s first Baptist Church) [mp3]:

Video Part 1:

Video Part 2:


Steve Weaver – 1689 Baptist Confession and missions [mp3]:



Jim Savastio – How NOT to reform a church [mp3]:



Sonny Hernandez – 1689 Baptist Confession, the regulative principle of worship [mp3]:



David Williams – 1689 Baptist Confession and personal sanctification [mp3]:



Dennis Clark – Contemporary concerns for the church [mp3]:



Doug Barger – 1689 Baptist Confession, Family Worship and Cathechisms [mp3]:



Pascal Denualt – Covenant theology and the church. 1689 Federalism [mp3]:


Day 3:

Dr. Sam Waldron – 1689 Baptist Confession the Law and Gospel [mp3]:



Question and answer session – Topics include: law, future vision for confessing reformed baptists, hyper calvinism… [mp3]:



James Brown – Sermon of encouragement and exhortation [mp3]:


The Covenant Theology of the 1689 Baptist Confession [5-Part AUDIO | VIDEO] by Pascal Denault + Q&A

Pascal Denault lecturing at 2014 Creed & Confession RBS Module
Pascal Denault lecturing at 2014 Creed & Confession RBS Module

Pascal Denault, in a post entitled “1689 Federalism”, writes:

1689 Federalism is the Particular Baptist understanding of the Covenant of Grace as stated in the Second London Confession of Faith of 1689. This particular view is distinct from the Westminster view that holds to the concept of one Covenant of Grace under two distinct administrations which are the Old and the New Covenants. From this view, the Westminster Confession allows the Old Covenant to define the Covenant of Grace (its nature, its stipulations, its blessings) and end up with a Covenant of Grace that is mixed by nature because it includes the physical posterity of all those who profess faith. This understanding was perceived by the Particular Baptists to alter the nature of the New Covenant which is « not like » the Old Covenant (Jer. 31:32) and is pure by nature (Jer. 31:34).


The 1689 Confession rejects the One Covenant/Two administrations view of the Westminster. Instead, it affirms that the Covenant of Grace was only revealed in the Old Testament time until it became a formal covenant when the New Covenant was established. Therefore, the Particular Baptist understanding considers that only the New Covenant is the Covenant of Grace and defines it. This involves that the Old Covenant was not the Covenant of Grace and was only typologically linked to it but was in itself an earthly covenant that came to an end when the heavenly reality was established. Instead of seeing two realities (earthly/heavenly, internal/external) inside of the same covenant of grace, the 1689 Federalism affirms two distinct covenants: an earthly external covenant (the Old) and an heavenly internal covenant (the New). The New Covenant was first a promise that was put under the guard of the Law (the Old Covenant). It was then accomplished, sealed in the blood of Christ and given to believers in the form of a covenant.


In the lectures below, I expose chapter 7 of the 1689 (Of God’s Covenant). These lectures were given at the Reformed Baptist Seminary module on Creeds and Confessions held in Las Vegas October 2014. I offer here the MP3 files [with video from RBS]


You can find a French version of this teaching here:

HT501 Creeds and Confessions Banner-3RBS:

Pascal Denault is an ordained minister of a Reformed Baptist church in Quebec and is the author of The Distinctiveness of Baptist Covenant Theology. In four video lectures below, Pascal discusses the covenant theology of the Second London Baptist Confession of 1689. 


1. The Covenant of Works (7.1):

First, he examines the “covenant of works” as it is formulated in the Westminster Confession, Savoy Declaration, and Second London Baptist Confession in lecture one. 



2. The Covenant of Grace – Paedo view (7.2):

Next, in lecture two, he summarizes the “covenant of grace” as it has been traditionally formulated among Reformed and Paedobaptist theologians. 



3. The Covenant of Grace – Credo view (7.3):

In the third lecture, Pascal highlights the unique contribution offered by the Particular Baptists in the 2LBCF to a theology of the covenant of grace. 



4. Summary and conclusions:

Then he summarizes his study on the covenant theology of the 2LBCF and highlights the practical ramifications in lecture four. 



5. Q&A (Dr. Bob Gonzales and Pascal Denault):

Finally, a Q&A session featuring Bob Gonzales and Pascal Denault deals with questions related to confessions of faith and covenant theology. Enjoy!