At Particular Voices, Sam Renihan brings us an extended passage from George Downame (chaplain to King James; not a Particular Baptist) dealing with the nature of and relationship between our effectual calling, regeneration, justification, and sanctification. Here’s a quote from Sam:
Passages like this help us to understand confessional language that speaks about sanctification in connection with effectual calling and regeneration. LBCF 13.1 “They who are united to Christ, effectually called, and regenerated, having a new heart and a new spirit created in them through the virtue of Christ’s death and resurrection, are alsofarther sanctified, really and personally, through the same virtue, by His Word and Spirit dwelling in them; the dominion of the whole body of sin is destroyed, and the several lusts thereof are more and more weakened and mortified, and they more and more quickened and strengthened in all saving graces, to the practice of all true holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord.”
There is no danger in speaking of sanctification in our regeneration, as long as we understand how this language was used and how the distinctions were maintained. Downame couldn’t be clearer that sanctification always follows justification, and yet there is a first act of “sanctification” in which we are definitively broken from the state of our sinful nature in regeneration through the effectual call of the ministry of the word. We are first conceived anew, then born anew.
Check out this post here.