Those of the past have given us a wonderful treasury of resources to learn from. As early Particular Baptist’s sought to clarify their position they wisely used existing statement’s of faith in order to provide easy comparison with others. This means that the list of agreements and disagreements can clearly be seen, compared and understood between all the parties involved. This chart lists the comparison between the Westminster Shorter Catechism and a Baptist catechism that was based on it which is commonly called Keach’s Catechism. As there are many version of both catechisms with updating and numbering differences between them, there may be some slight variation based on edition. Spelling differences or small changes in wording that do not substantially change the meaning are kept parallel. Some question may not have corresponding sections in one or the other catechism so they are kept blank. Question 95 of the WSC and 101 of Keach’s is put in bold as the question is the same, but the answer has a key difference. I hope that this will be a beneficial resource in your study.
|Westminster Shorter Catechism||Keach’s Catechism|
|Q. 1. Who is the first and best of beings?
A. God is the first and best of beings.
|Q. 1. What is the chief end of man?
A. Man’s chief end is to glorify God, and to enjoy Him for ever.
|Q. 2. What is the chief end of man?
A. Man’s chief end is to glorify God and to enjoy Him forever.
|Q. 94. What is baptism?
A. Baptism is a sacrament, wherein the washing with water in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, doth signify and seal our ingrafting into Christ, and partaking of the benefits of the covenant of grace, and our engagement to be the Lord’s.
|Q. 100. What is Baptism?
A. Baptism is an holy ordinance, wherein the washing with water in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, signifies our ingrafting into Christ and partaking of the benefits of the covenant of grace, and our engagement to be the Lord’s.
|Q. 95. To whom is baptism to be administered?
A. Baptism is not to be administered to any that are out of the visible church, till they profess their faith in Christ, and obedience to him; but the infants of such as are members of the visible church are to be baptized.
|Q. 101. To whom is Baptism to be administered?
A. Baptism is to be administered to all those who actually profess repentance towards God, faith in, and obedience to our Lord Jesus Christ; and to none other.
|Q. 102. Are the infants of such as are professing believers to be baptized?
A. The infants of such as are professing believers are not to be baptized; because there is neither command nor example in the Holy Scriptures, or certain consequence from them, to baptize such.